Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to the penicillin group of drugs. It is a white, crystalline powder that is widely used for the treatment of bacterial infections. Amoxicillin works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria, thereby helping the body's immune system to fight off the infection.
- Bacterial Infections: Amoxicillin is commonly prescribed to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, including respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, ear infections, and certain sexually transmitted diseases.
- Dental Infections: Amoxicillin is often used in dentistry to treat dental infections such as tooth abscesses and gum infections.
- Helicobacter pylori Infection: It is also used in combination with other medications to eradicate Helicobacter pylori bacteria, which can cause stomach ulcers and gastritis.
- Prophylaxis: Amoxicillin may be prescribed as a preventive measure before certain dental or medical procedures to reduce the risk of bacterial infection.
- Veterinary Use: Amoxicillin is used in veterinary medicine to treat bacterial infections in animals.
- Broad-Spectrum Antibiotic: Amoxicillin is effective against a wide range of bacteria, making it useful for treating various types of infections.
- Bactericidal Action: It kills bacteria by interfering with their cell wall synthesis, leading to their destruction.
- Well-Tolerated: Amoxicillin is generally well-tolerated and has a low incidence of side effects. However, individual sensitivity and allergies may occur.
- Oral Administration: It is available in various oral forms, including capsules, tablets, and oral suspensions, making it convenient for administration.
- High Bioavailability: Amoxicillin is well-absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in high levels of the drug in the bloodstream.
- Prescribed Dosage: The dosage and duration of treatment with amoxicillin depend on the type and severity of the infection, as well as the patient's age and medical condition.
|Molecular Weight||365.4 g/mol|
|Appearance||White crystalline powder|
|Solubility||Freely soluble in water|
|Stability||Stable under recommended storage conditions|
|Storage||Store in a cool, dry place|
|Shelf Life||3 years|