Hydrocortisone is a synthetic corticosteroid that closely resembles the natural hormone cortisol. It is a white crystalline powder with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. Hydrocortisone is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry due to its therapeutic benefits and versatility.
- Medical Treatments: Hydrocortisone is commonly used in various medical treatments, including dermatology, allergy, and autoimmune disorders. It is used topically in creams, ointments, and lotions to alleviate inflammation, itching, and redness associated with skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis. Hydrocortisone is also available in oral and injectable forms for systemic use in the treatment of adrenal insufficiency, allergic reactions, and certain inflammatory diseases.
- Cosmetic Formulations: It is utilized in cosmetic products to soothe and calm irritated skin. Hydrocortisone can be found in anti-itch creams, soothing balms, and skincare products targeting redness and inflammation.
- Veterinary Medicine: Hydrocortisone is employed in veterinary medicine for the treatment of skin allergies and inflammatory conditions in animals.
- Anti-inflammatory: Hydrocortisone reduces inflammation by suppressing the release of inflammatory mediators and inhibiting immune responses.
- Immunosuppressive: It suppresses the immune system's activity, making it useful in treating allergic reactions and autoimmune diseases.
- Topical Absorption: Hydrocortisone is readily absorbed through the skin, allowing for targeted treatment of localized inflammation.
- Versatility: It can be used in various formulations, including creams, ointments, lotions, oral tablets, and injectables.
|Molecular Weight||362.46 g/mol|
|Appearance||White crystalline powder|
|Solubility||Soluble in ethanol, slightly soluble in water|
|Stability||Stable under normal conditions|
|Storage||Store in a tightly closed container, protected from light|
|Shelf Life||3 years|