Bubble tea, also known as boba tea, is a popular Taiwanese beverage that has quickly gained popularity worldwide. One of the key ingredients in bubble tea is the pearl, which is also called boba, bubble, or tapioca pearls. These small, chewy balls come in a range of flavors and textures, making them perfect for customizing your bubble tea exactly how you like it.

Description of Pearl

Pearls are made from tapioca starch, which is derived from cassava root. They are usually small and round, with a diameter of around 1–2 cm. Pearls are typically translucent, with a chewy texture that resembles gummy candy. They have a neutral flavor on their own, allowing them to be easily infused with different flavors.

Types of Pearl

There are various types of pearls available in the market, including:

  • Classic pearl: These are the most commonly used pearls in bubble tea. They have a soft and chewy texture and are usually white or black.
  • Colored pearl: These pearls come in a range of colors, such as pink, blue, and green. They are similar in texture to classic pearls, but add a pop of color to your drink.
  • Jelly pearl: These pearls have a softer, more jelly-like texture than classic pearls. They are usually smaller in size and come in a range of flavors, such as mango or grape.
  • Popping pearl: These pearls burst in your mouth, releasing a burst of flavor. They are usually small and round and come in a range of flavors, such as strawberry or lychee.
  • Coconut jelly pearl: These pearls have a soft and chewy texture and are infused with coconut flavor.


In conclusion, the pearl is an essential ingredient in bubble tea, adding texture, flavor, and fun to this delicious beverage. With a variety of options to choose from, you can customize your bubble tea to your exact liking. So next time you order a bubble tea, be sure to add some pearls to it and enjoy the chewy goodness!